The Relationship Between Happiness and Logic in Al-Farabi

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Nuriye MERKİT, Dr.
E-Mail: nry_merkit@hotmail.com,
ORCID: 0000-0001-6480-2078

Citation/©: Merkit, N. (2021). Fârâbî’de Mutluluk ve Mantık İlişkisi. Theosophia, 2, 1-12

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5021024

View

Other Stats
ZENODO

Abstract

The concept of happiness is the central notion in Al-Farabi’s philosophy. According to him, happiness is the highest degree of human competence and the natural purpose of man. There are four types of virtues that will lead man to happiness in this life and eternal happiness in the afterlife. These are theoretical, intellectual, moral, and, artistic virtues. Whereas intellectual virtues depend on theoretical virtues, moral and artistic virtues depend on the virtues of intellectual and theoretical virtues, because the determination of good and evil and the acquisition of artistic and professional skills are possible with knowledge. In this context, happiness is a matter of distinguishing good from evil, right from wrong, and beautiful from ugly. People can make this distinction only by reaching the right knowledge of the good, that is, the competence of distinguishing good. By this competency, Farabi refers to having a compelling logic knowledge. Therefore, according to him, it is not possible for a person who does not know logic to attain the highest happiness. Logic is both an independent discipline and preparatory science of means for the knowledge that will make people to reach the truth, that is, the highest happiness.

Keywords: Al-Farabi, Logic, Knowledge, Virtue, Happiness.

Fârâbî’de Mutluluk ve Mantık İlişkisi